常用小学英语不规则动词总结

    英语学习中,总会碰到很多不规则的动词,但对于不规则动词的掌握,没有捷径可言,需要孩子的死记硬背。下面与大家分享一份英语不规则动词表,给孩子们学习提供参考。

    1.A---A---A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形)

      read read read 

      put put put 放下

      cost cost cost 花费

      cut cut cut 割,切

      hit hit hit 

      let let let 

      hurt hurt hurt 

    2. A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

      become became become 

      come came come 

    3. A---A---B型(现在式和过去式同形)

      beat beat beaten 

      run ran run    

    4. A ---B ---B型

      (1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母dt构成过去式或过去分词。

      hear heard heard 听见

      burn burnt burnt 燃烧

      learn learnt learnt 学习

      mean meant meant 意思

    (2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

      build built built 建筑

      lend lent lent 借给

      send sent sent 

      lose lost lost 失去

      spend spent spent 花费

    (3)其他

      pay paid paid

      付 lay laid laid 下蛋

      say said said 

      bring brought brought 带来

      buy bought bought 

      think thought thought 

      sleep slept slept 

      keep kept kept 保持

      sweep swept swept 

      stand stood stood 

      understand understood understood 明白

      win won won 得胜

      shine shone shone 发光

      catch caught caught 抓住

      teach taught taught 

      feel felt felt 觉得

      fight fought fought 战斗

      find found found 发现

      get got gotten 得到

      hang hung hung

      hang hanged hanged 绞死

      have had had 

      hold held held 盛,握

      leave left left 离开

      make made made 制造

      meet met met 遇见

      sell sold sold 

      shoot shot shot 射击

      tell told told 告诉

      smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻

      sit sat sat 

      dig dug dug 

    5. A---B---C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

      (1)在动词原形后加-n-en构成过去分词。

      eat ate eaten 

      fall fell fallen 落下

      steal stole stolen 

      give gave given 

      freeze froze frozen 冻结

      take took taken 

      see saw seen 看见

      write wrote written 

      ride rode ridden 

      drive drove driven 驾驶

      throw threw thrown 抛,扔

      blow blew blown 

      grow grew grown 生长

      know knew known 知道

      fly flew flown 

      draw drew drawn 拉,绘画

      show showed shown 展示

    (2)过去式加-n-en构成过去分词。

      speak spoke spoken 说话

      break broke broken 破碎,折断

      wake waked/ waked

      woke / waken 

      choose chose chosen

      选择 forget forgot forgotten 忘记

    (3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a(过去式)和“u(过去分词)

      begin began begun 开始

      ring rang rung 按铃

      sing sang sung 

      sink sank sunk 

      swim swam swum 游泳

      drink drank drunk 

    (4)其他不规则动词的变化。

      be(am, is) was/ were been 

      be(are) were been 

      do did done 

      go went gone 

      lie lay lain 

    编辑日期:2019-04-23 06:43:44    浏览次数:1282次
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